Location: Bovine Functional Genomics
Title: Gastrointestinal Metagenomics Author
Submitted to: Encyclopedia of Animal Science
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: January 25, 2013
Publication Date: N/A
Technical Abstract: The gut microbiota refers to the collective community of microorganisms residing in the gastrointestinal tract. These microorganisms play important roles in host nutrition and the development of the host immune system. As a result, alterations to the normal gut microbiota could have serious pathological consequences. The microbiota has recently been considered as a therapeutic target for probiotic intervention and as a target for drug discovery. The collective genetic elements, both the genome and genes, and environmental interactions, in a specific environment have been the focus of intensive studies using metagenomic tools recently, which provide a revolutionary insight into the structure, diversity, and function of the gut microbiota.