Page Banner

United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: INTEGRATED WEED MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS FOR ORGANIC AND CONVENTIONAL CROPS OF THE SOUTHEASTERN COASTAL PLAIN

Location: Crop Protection and Management Research

Title: Influence of preplant applications of 2,4-D, dicamba, tribenuron, and tribenuron plus thifensulfuron on peanut

Authors
item Prostko, E -
item Grey, T -
item Johnson, Wiley
item Jordan, D -
item Grichar, W -
item Besler, B -
item Brewer, K -
item Eastin, E -

Submitted to: Peanut Science
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: December 21, 2002
Publication Date: June 4, 2003
Citation: Prostko, E.P., Grey, T.L., Johnson, W.C., Jordan, D.L., Grichar, W.J., Besler, B.A., Brewer, K.D., Eastin, E.F. 2003. Influence of preplant applications of 2,4-D, dicamba, tribenuron, and tribenuron plus thifensulfuron on peanut. Peanut Science. 30:18-22.

Interpretive Summary: Some broadleaf weeds are not adequately controlled with burn-down herbicides in conservation-tillage peanut production. Additional herbicides will improve control of these weeds, but there are concerns about residual effects injuring peanut. Field trials were conducted in Georgia, North Carolina, and Texas to evaluate the effects of preplant applications of 2,4-D, dicamba, tribenuron, and tribenuron plus thifensulfuron on peanut yield. Herbicides were applied 30, 15, 7, or 0 days before planting (DBP) in conventional production systems in Georgia and Texas, and 28, 21, 14, 7, and 0 DBP in no- and strip-tillage systems in North Carolina. Amine and ester formulations of 2,4-D did not affect peanut yield at any time of application in any state. Dicamba reduced peanut yield when applied at 0 DBP in two of seven trials. Tribenuron did not affect peanut yield regardless of preplant interval. However, tribenuron plus thifensulfuron reduced yields when applied at 7 DBP in one of five trials. These data suggest that 2,4-D, tribenuron, and tribenuron plus thifensulfuron can be safely used for preplant weed control in peanut in conservation-tillage systems when applied 7 DBP. Dicamba should be applied a minimum of 15 DBP.

Technical Abstract: Field trials were conducted in Georgia, North Carolina, and Texas to evaluate the effects of preplant applications of 2,4-D, dicamba, tribenuron, and tribenuron plus thifensulfuron on peanut yield. Herbicides were applied 30, 15, 7, or 0 days before planting (DBP) in conventional production systems in Georgia and Texas, and 28, 21, 14, 7, and 0 DBP in no- and strip-tillage systems in North Carolina. Amine and ester formulations of 2,4-D did not affect peanut yield at any time of application in any state. Dicamba reduced peanut yield when applied at 0 DBP in two of seven trials. Tribenuron did not affect peanut yield regardless of preplant interval. However, tribenuron plus thifensulfuron reduced yields when applied at 7 DBP in one of five trials. These data suggest that 2,4-D, tribenuron, and tribenuron plus thifensulfuron can be safely used for preplant weed control in peanut when applied 7 DBP. Dicamba should be applied a minimum of 15 DBP.

Last Modified: 10/24/2014
Footer Content Back to Top of Page