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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: Developing Sustainable Cropping Systems to Improve Water Productivity and Protect Water and Soil Quality in Irrigated Agriculture

Location: Water Management Research

Title: Development of deficit irrigation strategies for peach production

Authors
item Zhang, Huihui
item Wang, Dong

Submitted to: Geological Society of America Meeting
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: March 14, 2013
Publication Date: May 20, 2013
Citation: Zhang, H., Wang, D. 2013. Development of deficit irrigation strategies for peach production. Geological Society of America Meeting. Paper No. 30-6.

Technical Abstract: The San Joaquin Valley in California is one of the most productive agricultural regions in the world. However, crop production relies on irrigation due to the hot and dry weather and lack of rainfall in the summer. In recent years, water supply for irrigation was decreased because of the competition for water demands from residential, industrial, and environmental usages. It is necessary to find management methods to optimize the usage for the limited supply of irrigation water. Deficit irrigation has been studied for perennial crops to help alleviate water shortage. At certain growing stages, crops which are not sensitive to water stress can receive less than full irrigations. For early-maturing peach cultivars, it has been demonstrated that established peach trees are not sensitive to moderate water stress in the postharvest growth. Field studies were conducted since 2007 to evaluate deficit irrigation management in a 1.6-ha peach orchard in USDA-ARS, Parlier, CA. A wired network of infrared temperature sensors was installed above the orchard for monitoring canopy temperature, which has been used as an indicator of crop water stress. In the first two-years of the study, canopy temperature response from different irrigation treatments was investigated. Mid-day canopy to air temperature difference was found to be most sensitive to water stress. After 2 years, mid-day canopy vs to air temperature differences were used as primary input for irrigation scheduling. The relationship between fruit weight and postharvest irrigation amount indicated that up to 50% water savings could be achieved without impacting peach fruit size. These findings on peach tree deficit irrigation and thermal infrared sensors for guiding irrigation scheduling can provide growers with a practical tool to save water without reduction in yield and fruit quality.

Last Modified: 9/2/2014
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