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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: Conservation, Genetic Analyses, and Utilization of Subtropical/Tropical Fruit Crops, Sugarcane, and Miscanthus Genetic Resources

Location: Subtropical Horticulture Research

Title: Agronomic performance of five banana cultivars under protected cultivation

Authors
item Guven, Dilek -
item Gubbuk, Hamide -
item Ayala-Silva, Tomas

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: March 20, 2013
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: Banana has been grown both in open-field and protected cultivation in Turkey. So far protected cultivation is very popular due to the high yield and quality. The objective of the study was to evaluate agronomic performance of five new banana cultivars under plastic greenhouse. ‘MA 13’, ‘Williams’, ‘Jobo’, ‘CV 902’ and ‘Dwarf Cavendish’ (control) cultivars were used as experimental material. Stem circumference, stem height, plant height, total number of leaves, active number of leaves /bunch, stalk circumference and days from shooting to harvest and bunch weight were determined according to cultivar. The lowest stem circumference, stem height and bunch stalk circumference were found in ‘ Dwarf Cavendish’ and the highest in ‘Williams’. Total number of leaves varied between 26 and 33. Number of days from shooting to harvest was the shortest (141 days) in ‘Williams’ and the longest (163 days) in ‘MA 13’. ‘MA 13’ had the highest bunch weight (59 kg) and the lowest (43 kg) in ‘Dwarf Cavendish’. In conclusion, we found that all tested cultivars were superior to ‘Dwarf Cavendish’ under unheated plastic greenhouse.Keywords: Musa, cultivars, bunch weight, protected cultivation, greenhouse

Last Modified: 7/28/2014
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