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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: Multifunctional Farms and Landscapes to Enhance Ecosystem Services

Location: Pasture Systems & Watershed Management Research

Title: Water, temperature, and defoliation effects on perennial grassland respiration

Author
item Skinner, Robert

Submitted to: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: May 3, 2013
Publication Date: N/A

Interpretive Summary: An interpretive summary is not required. akm

Technical Abstract: Changes in respiration can have a profound effect on ecosystem C balance. This talk will present results from eddy covariance studies describing environment and management effects on ecosystem C flux from cool- and warm-season perennial grasslands. In addition, stable C isotope studies that partitioned belowground respiration between the rhizosphere and free-living soil organisms will provide estimates of whole-plant respiration in undisturbed field plots. Although respiration and photosynthesis can be closely coupled at the whole-field scale, changes in respiration rather than photosynthesis drive the net ecosystem C balance in many ecosystems and often less than 20% of assimilated C is harvested from perennial grasslands. During much of the year, respiration can be greater than photosynthetic uptake resulting in a net loss of C from the ecosystem. Ecosystem respiration tends to be less susceptible than photosynthesis to drought stress whereas both are equally responsive to N fertilization. Implications of changes in respiration rate on yield and ecosystems services such as soil C sequestration will be discussed.

Last Modified: 4/19/2014
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