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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: Conservation, Genetic Analyses, and Utilization of Subtropical/Tropical Fruit Crops, Sugarcane, and Miscanthus Genetic Resources

Location: Subtropical Horticulture Research

Title: Physico-chemical evaluation of the “Casturi” Mango

Authors
item Ayala-Silva, Tomas
item Gubbuk, Hamide -
item Urbina, Cristina -

Submitted to: Proceedings of Florida State Horticultural Society
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: August 20, 2013
Publication Date: October 1, 2013
Citation: Ayala Silva, T., Gubbuk, H., Urbina, C. 2013. Physico-chemical evaluation of the “Casturi” Mango. Proceedings of Florida State Horticultural Society. 126:17-20.

Interpretive Summary: Mangifera casturi “Casturi” mango is a tropical fruit tree about 10–30 m tall which is common to avery small area in Southern Borneo (Indonesia). The casturi mango was first introduced to Florida by Richard Campbell in early 2000 as part of the mango germplasm conservation . The study was conducted at the USDA/ARS Subtropical Horticultural Research Station, National Germplasm Repository in Miami, Florida, USA. The fruits were harvested onJune-July 2012. After harvest, color, several physicochemical and morphological characteristics (weight, length, width and thickness, sugar content, pH, and acidity) of fruit, stone and seed fresh and dry weight were performed atripe conditions. The fruit has an attractive color (green to purple-black) during maturity, firm flesh, and relative freedom from anthracnose disease seven days after harvesting . The fruit is ovoid with a smooth, regular surface. Fruit weight ranged from 92 to 122 grams, with an average weight of about 105 grams. The average fruit length and width were 72 .0 and 50.0 mm respectively. The stone characteristics for weight, length, width and thickness were 20.78 g; 59.82 mm; 28.55 mm; and 16.77mm respectively. The fruits had high contents of tsugars (17.8 to 20.6 ºBrix), pH 4.5, and titratable acidity of 0.20 to 0.28%. Further description in accordance with Mango descriptor book, International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI) will be presented and made available at the Genetic Resources Information Network (GRIN) database system.

Technical Abstract: Mangifera casturi “Casturi” mango is a tropical fruit tree about 10–30 m tall which is endemic to very small area around Banjarmasin in Southern Borneo (Indonesia). The casturi mango is believed to be first introduced to Florida by Richard Campbell in early 2000 as part of the germplasm conservation effort. The study was conducted at the USDA/ARS Subtropical Horticultural Research Station, National Germplasm Repository in Miami, Florida, USA. The fruits were harvested on July 2, 2012. After harvest, color, several physicochemical and morphological characteristics (weight, length, width and thickness, total soluble solids, Brix, pH, and titratable acidity ) of fruit, stone and seed fresh and dry weight were performed at commercial maturity stage. The fruit has an attractive color (green to purple-black) during maturity, firm flesh, and relative freedom from anthracnose disease seven days after harvesting . The fruit is ovoid with a smooth, regular surface. Fruit weight ranged from 92 to 122 grams, with an average weight of about 105 grams. The average fruit length and width were 72 .0 and 50.0 mm respectively. The stone characteristics for weight, length, width and thickness were 20.78 g; 59.82 mm; 28.55 mm; and 16.77mm respectively. The fruits had high contents of total soluble solids (17.8 to 20.6 ºBrix), pH 4.5, and titratable acidity of 0.20 to 0.28%. Further description in accordance with Mango descriptor book, International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI) will be presented and made available at the Genetic Resources Information Network (GRIN) database system. Key words: mangifera, casturi, Brix, fresh and dry weight, germplasm

Last Modified: 10/25/2014
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