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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: Epidemiology and Management of Pierce's Disease and Other Maladies of Grape

Location: Crop Diseases, Pests and Genetics

Title: Potatoes tolerant of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ infection do not undergo changes in tuber physiology associated with zebra chip disease

Authors
item Wallis, Christopher
item Munyaneza, Joseph
item Novy, Richard

Submitted to: Phytopathology
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: May 9, 2014
Publication Date: November 11, 2014
Citation: Wallis, C.M., Munyaneza, J.E., Novy, R.G. 2014. Potatoes tolerant of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ infection do not undergo changes in tuber physiology associated with zebra chip disease. Phytopathology. 104:S3.124.

Technical Abstract: Zebra chip disease (ZC), caused by the bacterium ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ (Lso), is of increasing concern to potato growers throughout the western United States and elsewhere. New potato cultivars are being developed that are tolerant of Lso such that infected tubers do not express ZC symptoms. Previous studies indicated ZC symptoms were associated with increased tuber levels of amino acids, sugars, and phenolics. Therefore, this study examined whether or not increases of amino acids, sugars, and phenolics occurred in Lso-infected commercial or potentially ZC-tolerant potato cultivars. Lso-infected tubers from the commercial, susceptible potato variety 'Atlantic' exhibited strong ZC symptoms. Levels of many amino acids, sugars, and phenolics were greater in infected 'Atlantic' tubers compared to those that were non-infected. By contrast, Lso-infected tubers from three tolerant cultivars, designated 'ARS7008', 'ZC73', and 'ZC74', did not exhibit ZC symptoms. Levels of amino acids, reducing sugars, and phenolics were not significantly different between non-infected and Lso-infected tubers from the three tolerant cultivars. These results provide evidence that potato cultivars that do not have physiological changes in response to Lso infection are unlikely to develop ZC symptoms. Thus, tolerance, rather than immunity, may be sufficient to mitigate effects of ZC disease.

Last Modified: 12/22/2014
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