Submitted to: Hawaiian Entomological Society Proceedings
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: September 1, 2005
Publication Date: December 5, 2007
Citation: Jang, E.B. 2007. Fruit Flies and Their Impact on Agriculture in Hawaii. Proc Hawaiian Entomol Soc. 39: 117-119. Interpretive Summary: This paper is an overview of the invasion of fruit flies to Hawaii and the impact that fruit flies have had on Hawaii’s agriculture. The paper details the establishment of the four species of fruit flies of economic importance and discusses the role of USDA-ARS in the establishment of fruit fly control technologies. It also discusses the recent Areawide IPM program currently in process.
Technical Abstract: Tephritid fruit flies were one of the early invasive insects to the Hawaiian Islands. These agricultural pests have had a major impact on Hawaii’s agriculture, reducing the types, quantities and quality of agricultural products grown on the islands, increasing pesticide use and reducing trade of fruit fly host products. Over the last 90 years, USDA has had a major research role in defining, discovering and implementing technology to detect and control these pests in Hawaii, the US mainland and worldwide. The Hawaii Areawide fruit fly integrated pest management program (HAW-FLYPM), a USDA-ARS funded partnership between ARS, University of Hawaii and Hawaii State Department of Agriculture has recently demonstrated that these pest fruit flies could be controlled using IPM technologies. The success of the program has prompted state and federal agencies to reconsider if Hawaii could further expand their diversified agriculture using such an approach. The use of such an approach to deal with invasive species in the State is discussed.